Office for the
Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act
The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical
Education Act (the Perkins Act) governs about a billion dollars in federal
vocational education appropriations annually. Formerly known as the Carl D.
Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, the Perkins Act was
reauthorized and amended in 1998 (4). Because much of the Perkins Act is written
in terms of recipients' obligations throughout their vocational education
programs, the act's mandates reach far beyond its funds, to leverage about nine
times as much in state and local appropriations. Just about every school
district and community college receives Perkins funds and is subject to Perkins
A. Funding, Targeting, and Flow
B. Purpose of the
The 1998 Perkins Act retains these emphases. It also makes explicit the requirement that students in vocational education programs be taught the same challenging academic proficiencies that all other students are taught (5). These quality criteria, together with a strong equity focus, shape state and local requirements.
C. Equity and Special
Community colleges and LEAs receiving Perkins funds must provide special-population students with equal access to Perkins-assisted activities (7). Prior civil rights rulings make it clear that "access" must include the services necessary for real participation (8). Moreover, programs may not discriminate on the basis of special-population status (9). Beyond provision of equal access and nondiscrimination, Perkins recipients have explicit obligations to develop program strategies for special populations; to provide programs that prepare special-population students for further learning and high-skill, high-wage careers, and are designed to enable them to meet the same levels of performance set for all students; and to identify barriers that result in lowering rates of access to or lowering success in vocational programs for special populations, and adopt strategies for overcoming them (10). Equity concerns also pervade the act's program evaluation and improvement schemes, which are discussed below in chapter 8.
D. Quality and Equity
Back to School-To-Work
We welcome your feedback! Please contact us for questions or comments about this site.
|Kentucky Education and Workforce Development Cabinet|